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What do you mean by Interventional Cardiology and Peripheral Vascular Devices?

Published Date : July 10, 2017


Interventional cardiology generallydeals with the catheter based surgery of basic heart illnesses. Countless treatment surgeries can be performed on the heart by this process of catheterization. This most normally includes the inclusion of a sheath into the femoral arteryor cannulating the heart under X-ray. This approach has various advantages, including the artery being more accessible, bleeding control in even the patients who are given a blood thinner, and the solace earned due to patients being fit for sitting up and strolling promptly following the surgery. The critical advantage this procedure give is the lack of pain and scars.

Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is an issue of blood circulation that causes the veins outside of the patient’sbrain and heart to thin, develop a blockage, or spasm. PVD regularly causes pain and exhaustion, frequently in your legs, and particularly amid work out.

Market for Interventional Cardiology and Peripheral Vascular devices

The global market for Interventional Cardiology and Peripheral Vascular devices was evaluated at USD 21.83 Billion in 2016 and is expected to grow to USD 31.47 Billion in 2021, rising rapidly at a CAGR of 7.1% for the next four years. The market driving factors in this case are the rising demand for minimally intrusive treatment and the increasing geriatric population worldwide.

Endovascular Training for Interventional Cardiologists

Vascular medication and peripheralvascular (endovascular) catheter-based intercessions is one clinical zone in which interventional cardiologists habitually practice. Catheter-based intercessions in the non-coronary vascular beds are inside the ability of numerous cardiologists and have brought the treatment of vascular diseases inside the domain of the cardiovascular doctors.

Treatment for PVD by an Interventional Cardiologist

First the specialist will perform a diagnosis test to find the position of the blockage and determine the criticality of the procedure. This evaluation is necessary because sometimes smaller blockages could be treated with medicine, however in significant obstruction Angioplasty is carried out.

  • During Angioplasty, first a Catheter is inserted into the artery using a needle, an inflated balloon at its end inflates the artery, and the normal blood flow is resumed.
  • Some arteries which are heavily blocked can only be treated by stenting. A stent is a tiny, metallic net of wires that is placed inside the artery. It holds the artery open until the tissues form over it and the artery remains open. 


There is no need to go through such procedures if the patient could only take a few precautions. The patient could just take small steps like giving up smoking, exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy diet etc. and he/she will never need to go to the doctor’s doorstep.