Published Date : November 01, 2019
Zika is a flavivirus which is a mosquito-borne disease occurring primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. This virus was first identified in Uganda in 1947 in monkeys through a complex system that kept a tab on yellow fever, and the first few human cases were found in 1957 in the United Republic of Tanzania and Uganda. The first-ever large outbreak of zika virus cases was reported from the island of Yap in 2007. Besides the mosquito bite, zika virus is also spread sometimes by having unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected person. In May 2015, Brazil accounted for the first zika outbreak in the Americas. Approximately, one out of five people shows symptoms and the infection is generally quite mild. A few of the most common symptoms are rash, fever, joint pain or red eyes, muscle pain, and headache. The symptoms usually start two to seven days after being bitten by an infected Aedes mosquito and last for several weeks. Hospitalization and/or deaths from the zika virus are very rare. Also, one of the biggest concerns is about the birth defects which have been witnessed when infected pregnant women give birth, as evidence supports the link between zika virus and microcephaly (a birth defect which leads to incomplete brain development). A few ways one can prevent from acquiring zika virus are mentioned-below. A market research study reveals that in the U.S., there are more than 3,000 zika virus infections reported till September 2016.
Unfortunately, the zika virus does not have an effective and successful treatment yet; only paracetamol and ample rest will help with the symptoms. This illness cannot be prevented by any medications or vaccines; one can take all possible above-mentioned precautionary measures to prevent Aedes mosquito bite.