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Significance of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) pheromones

Published Date : December 27, 2017

Pest management techniques have been effectively used to deter and regulate certain insect pests through the methodologies implicating artificial stimuli. Pheromones may refer to synthetic sex pheromones that aid in blocking the reproductive cycle of these insect pests. This is accomplished by introducing confusion amongst pests and the disruption of male localization to subsequently deter the mating procedure.

Prominence of synthetic pheromones:

The usage of synthetic sex pheromones has been pondered one of the pervasive and effective techniques in the contemporary pest management system. However, alternate pest management approaches like furnishing interference in vibrational communication are also being developed.

What are pheromones?

Pheromones refer to the chemical molecules that are secreted by insects. They are found prevalently in the atmosphere filled with a lot of insects. These molecules signify an alert signal to the rest of an insect’s mates for food or for any other purpose. Pheromones are literally the communication devices between the insects. The growth of salubrious crops requires the effective management of pests.

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Production of synthetic pheromones:

Pheromones fall under the biological category of approach for pest control and management. The remaining categories implicate chemical, mechanical, physical and cultural control procedures. Pheromones are commonly manufactured using the semiochemicals. The type of pheromone manufactured corresponds to the type of pest that needs to be controlled. This could refer to pests like moth and beetles that require different categories of synthetic pheromones to manage them.

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) system:

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) offers a platform to develop artificial pheromones that have the similar features as that of natural pheromones. Subsequently, the developed artificial pheromones are applied for the management of pests. Pheromones are categorized as sex pheromones, pheromones based on the interaction medium. Interaction medium could be taken as aggregation and alarm or sex pheromones.  

The dominance of IPM system in contemporary agricultural life style:

In the recent years, the demand for pest management system in the agricultural fields has alarmingly increased due to the growing rate of pests. Furthermore, factors positively attributing to the environmental protection through the usage of pheromones have had positive impact in terms of growth for Integrated Pest Management (IPM) system. The biodegradability, duration of effect, large space coverage, less toxicity and biodegradability have rendered the front runner seat to Integrated Pest Management (IPM) system. There have been no documented health reports depicting the harmfulness of synthetically produced pheromones to human beings and other animals. Hence, they are pondered to be the safest of all pest management techniques. However, continuous research has been carried out to sketch out better evidences for the proficiency of IPM. 

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