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Emergence of Autoimmune Disease Diagnostics

Published Date : June 09, 2018

What is an autoimmune disease?

An autoimmune disease is a condition wherein your immune system behaves abnormally and attacks your own body. The immune response that inflicts some sort of abnormal state to a normal body part is the consequence after the onset of an autoimmune disease. The total number of autoimmune diseases prevalently observed would reach to a maximum of at least 80.


The onset of an autoimmune disease:

Immune system typically protects human body from a variety of infections caused by bacteria and viruses. They produce specific cells to invade these foreign agents. Immune system of human body can clearly differentiate between a normal cell and a foreign cell. In the case of an autoimmune disease, some parts of the human body are mistaken to be as foreign components and hence the response furnished by the immune system leads to the onset of an autoimmune disease. The usual onset of autoimmune diseases is during the adulthood period.


The production of autoantibodies and the damage to body:

The components that strike healthy cells are some varieties of proteins produced by the immune system. Autoantibodies are such proteins that work in the opposite way. The damage occurs to a set of organs or at times, the autoimmune disease targets only a specific organ type. For instance, lupus will upset the whole body whilst conditions like type 1 diabetes will cause detriment to pancreas alone.


General symptoms and categories of autoimmune diseases:

The general symptoms for an autoimmune disease encompass tiredness and low-grade fever. However, people with different conditions experience a variety of symptoms. The commonly occurring autoimmune diseases include psoriasis, diabetes mellitus type 1, alopecia areata, multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, Graves’ disease, rheumatoid arthritis, celiac disease, and inflammatory bowel disease. The severity could vary based upon the condition. However, early diagnosis and treatment procedures are essential to wipe out any autoimmune disease or condition.


Significance of autoimmune disease diagnostics market:

Diagnostics are quintessential to minimize the intensity of an autoimmune disease beforehand through the insistence of early treatment procedures. The various diagnostic procedures entail Complete Blood Count (CBC) test, Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR), Antinuclear Antibody Tests, urinalysis, autoantibody tests, comprehensive metabolic panel, and C - reactive protein (CRP) tests. The increasing incidence of autoimmune diseases all over the world has significantly increased the hype of autoimmune disease diagnostics market. The most dominant disease variety in terms of prevalence amongst other autoimmune diseases is rheumatoid arthritis. The occurrence of this condition is common to all age groups and hence the enhancement of diagnostics market.