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Details about Intraoperative Neuromonitoring

Published Date : August 24, 2017


Intraoperative neuromonitoring is the application of methods of electrophysiology which include electromyography (EMG), electroencephalography (EEG) and associated potential of monitoring the integration of specific neural structures on the basis of functionality, for example spinal cord, nerves and the brain parts. This medical technique is also named as intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM). The primary requirement of this method is reducing the risk of iatrogenic damage to a client’s nervous system.

Market for intraoperative neuromonitoring

The global market for intraoperative neuromonitoring is expected to increase at a significant compound annual growth rate (CAGR) during the forecast period of 2016-2022. Growth in the geriatric population, rise in the incidents of chronic diseases, implementation of intraoperative neuromonitoring in various surgeries and strategies related to risk management via usage of this technique during complicated surgical requirements have been the market driving factors for this. The successful implementation of this method has also added to the expansion of the market industry for intraoperative neuromonitoring.

Further details about intraoperative neuromonitoring

Intraoperative neuromonitoring utilizes a number of modalities of electrophysiology which include SSEP, EMG, EEG, local field recordings and extracellular single unit, auditory brainstem response (ABR) and transcranial electrical motor evoked potentials (TCeMEP). During a particular surgery, the modality set applied is partly dependable on the neural structures which carry the risk potential. The techniques of intraoperative neuromonitoring have shown significant reduction of mortality and morbidity rates without the involvement of any other risks. Owing to these, the medical techniques result in lowered expenditures for health care. Clients benefiting from the IONM technologies are the ones who undergo surgeries related to the nervous system or operations which pose harmful effects to the system’s integrity regarding its anatomy and physiology. While using these techniques, a computer system is attached to the client by a skilled professional or a trained neurophysiologist, with the utilization of electrodes

for recording and stimulation. Most of these techniques are used by spine surgeons, along with vascular orthopedic, urology surgeons, neurosurgeons and otolaryngologists. These techniques are most commonly applied in spinal surgery, carotid endarterectomy, brain surgeries involving selected regions, procedures related to ENT which include parotidectomy, acoustic neuroma resection and nerve surgeries. IONM technologies are implemented in localizing neural structures such as location of cranial nerves while surgery of skull base; testing the functionality of those structures and for detecting intraoperative neural injuries at an early stage, thus providing time for taking immediate measures to correct the condition. One should have certain qualifications in order to apply these techniques in practice.


Intraoperative neuromonitoring extends an immensely helpful option for the medical professionals and clients. Owing to the successful implementation, the market has witnessed a gain around the globe.

Crystal Market Research published a report on “Intraoperative Neuromonitoring Market by Product, Application, Source Type and Modality - Global Industry Analysis and Forecast to 2025” released and accessible at